There are two ways you can look at deviated septum treatment: the first is to get immediate relief from your deviated septum symptoms, and the second is to opt for a permanent solution to the problem. Treatment options and methods largely depend on the severity of your condition.
Let us examine what the options for deviated septum treatment are in the light of the above.
Medications Used for Deviated Septum Treatment
- Decongestants are usually the first line of therapy. These drugs reduce nasal congestion, clearing the nasal passages to ease breathing. Available in the form of pills or nasal spray, this form of deviated septum treatment has to be used with caution. This is because of increased dependency and adverse side effects, which result in the worsening of the condition (rebound effect) when the treatment is stopped.
- Reduction of cold and allergy symptoms is done with the help of antihistamines, another option referred by doctors for deviated septum treatment. Such medications are also prescribed for providing relief from runny nose. This is an important aspect of deviated septum treatment since the aim of this therapy is to prevent mucus from blocking the narrow nasal passage causing postnasal drip and ultimately a sinus infection.
- Inflammation within the nasal cavity, caused by deviated septum, can be reduced with nasal cortisone sprays. This effectively saves the patient from nasal blockage as well as sinus infection.
As mentioned earlier, medications used for deviated septum treatment can only provide temporary relief but not provide any permanent solution.
Surgery for Deviated Septum Treatment
If the situation warrants (considering the severity of your symptoms), you could consider surgery for your deviated septum treatment. However, such a step is only taken when the symptoms become quite bad, like significant nasal air way blockage, chronic sinusitis, frequent nosebleeds, etc.
One of the major surgical methods which can correct a deviated septum is called septoplasty. This form of surgical deviated septum treatment involves repositioning the septum in the center of the nose. The surgeon (an ENT physician) would normally cut and remove parts of the septum before the replacing is done.
Submucous resection (SMR) is one of the more traditional forms of deviated septum treatment, in use since 1902. The aim of this type of surgical intervention is to remove any displaced bone and cartilage from the same side of the nose without compromising the mucous lining on the other side of the nostril, since septal perforation is one of the most common complications of surgical treatment of deviated septum.
Is surgery an effective form of deviated septum treatment?
The effectiveness of surgery as an option to treat deviated septum largely depends on the severity of your condition. Symptoms like nosebleed and nasal obstruction often get completely resolved. However, accompanying conditions like sinus conditions or allergies cannot be resolved with the help of surgery.
You might feel reassured that septoplasty is one of the most common forms of deviated septum treatment in America, but you need to choose your surgeon carefully. Study his or her experience and qualifications before you go under the scalpel!
Rhinoplasty is another type of surgery that is done to correct deviated septum at the same time as septoplasty. This form of surgery involves readjusting the bone and cartilage of your nose in order to reshape and alter the size. Some people consider this type of deviated septum treatment a purely cosmetic surgery.
Turbinate reduction is also a kind of deviated septum treatment that is done simultaneously with septoplasty. This procedure is done when your doctor diagnoses enlarged turbinates as a contributing factor to your nasal obstruction.